The term ‘ecosystem’ was coined by :

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Ecosystem, the complex interrelationships among living organisms with their physical environment. Ecosystems comprise of living or biotic factors, such as plants, animals, and other organisms as well as nonliving or abiotic factors weather, landscape, temperature, and humidity.

The term “ecosystem” was first used by British ecologist Sir Arthur George Tansley in “The use and abuse of vegetational terms and concepts” in 1935.